Money

Money
   Of uncoined money the first notice we have is in the history of Abraham (Gen. 13:2; 20:16; 24:35). Next, this word is used in connection with the purchase of the cave of Machpelah (23:16), and again in connection with Jacob's purchase of a field at Shalem (Gen. 33:18, 19) for "an hundred pieces of money"=an hundred Hebrew kesitahs (q.v.), i.e., probably pieces of money, as is supposed, bearing the figure of a lamb.
   The history of Joseph affords evidence of the constant use of money, silver of a fixed weight. This appears also in all the subsequent history of the Jewish people, in all their internal as well as foreign transactions. There were in common use in trade silver pieces of a definite weight, shekels, half-shekels, and quarter-shekels. But these were not properly coins, which are pieces of metal authoritatively issued, and bearing a stamp.
   Of the use of coined money we have no early notice among the Hebrews. The first mentioned is of Persian coinage, the daric (Ezra 2:69; Neh. 7:70) and the adarkon (Ezra 8:27). The daric (q.v.) was a gold piece current in Palestine in the time of Cyrus. As long as the Jews, after the Exile, lived under Persian rule, they used Persian coins. These gave place to Greek coins when Palestine came under the dominion of the Greeks (B.C. 331), the coins consisting of gold, silver, and copper pieces. The usual gold pieces were staters (q.v.), and the silver coins tetradrachms and drachms.
   In the year B.C. 140, Antiochus VII. gave permission to Simon the Maccabee to coin Jewish money. Shekels (q.v.) were then coined bearing the figure of the almond rod and the pot of manna.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Money — Mon ey, n.; pl. {Moneys}. [OE. moneie, OF. moneie, F. monnaie, fr. L. moneta. See {Mint} place where coin is made, {Mind}, and cf. {Moidore}, {Monetary}.] 1. A piece of metal, as gold, silver, copper, etc., coined, or stamped, and issued by the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • money — [mun′ē] n. pl. moneys or monies [OFr moneie < L moneta, a MINT1] 1. a) standard pieces of gold, silver, copper, nickel, etc., stamped by government authority and used as a medium of exchange and measure of value; coin or coins: also called… …   English World dictionary

  • Money — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Campbell Money (* 1960), schottischer Fußballspieler und trainer Constance Money (* 1956), US amerikanische Pornodarstellerin Eddie Money (* 1949), US amerikanischer Rocksänger Hernando Money (1839−1912),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • money — mon·ey / mə nē/ n pl moneys or mon·ies / mə nēz/ 1: an accepted or authorized medium of exchange; esp: coinage or negotiable paper issued as legal tender by a government 2 a: assets or compensation in the form of or readily convertible into cash… …   Law dictionary

  • money — (n.) mid 13c., coinage, metal currency, from O.Fr. monoie money, coin, currency; change (Mod.Fr. monnaie), from L. moneta place for coining money, mint; coined money, money, coinage, from Moneta, a title or surname of the Roman goddess Juno, in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • money — n Money, cash, currency, legal tender, specie, coin, coinage are comparable when they mean pieces of stamped metal or their equivalents issued by a government, or by an authority recognized by the government, to serve as a medium of exchange in… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • money — ► NOUN 1) a medium of exchange in the form of coins and banknotes. 2) wealth. 3) payment or financial gain. 4) (moneys or monies) formal sums of money. ● for my money Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

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